Marine Battery Types and Charging Tips | Boat Trader — WaterBlogged

10 Май 2014 | Author: | Комментарии к записи Marine Battery Types and Charging Tips | Boat Trader — WaterBlogged отключены
Trader Marine Sedan boat

Marine Battery and Charging

A positive a negative connected by (sulphuric acid)

boats under feet in have 12-volt systems. Yet experienced boaters tell you about the they have board, let how their and charging work. Take buddy Jeff, instance. It’s middle of season and of the 12-volt batteries his 30-foot is nearing end of life. When asked Jeff, engineer by and an boater, what of battery was choosing replace the one, he said, “Oh, cheapo X-mart cell.” Clearly by short-term my friend not have that batteries the same system should replaced in

There s lot to about marine I’ve written about them in Lay-up but now realize a on batteries be helpful. day conveniences as laptop and cell using lithium batteries have much to knowledge and of batteries Gaston Plante invented the battery in  However, marine especially the kind, are in the dark ages battery design.

A smart regulator can charge, adjust the batteries phase, and longevity. A regulator with temperature sensor for $275 West Marine.

are purpose-built their internal will reflect use—starter, deep-cycle, dual-purpose—as well their limitations. instance, a designed for your engine typically have internal plates together, providing surface area give that one-time discharge in powering starter motor, will not as good the long, discharge that batteries, with active plates higher antimony give. Deep-cycle can be from 50 80 percent recover easily, starting batteries like to discharged more 50%.

Chemical


Marine batteries available in chemical types: Gel, and Glass Mat  Regardless of type, they’re by energy generally expressed ampere hours, categorized by many charges the battery likely to in its The output lifespan will dictate price. use, chemical and number batteries best to your will depend the kind boat, how use it, your budget.

Flooded Batteries: or flooded following Plante’s are the common and kind of found on They use reservoir of sulfuric acid act as pathway between plates. This produces hydrogen oxygen when battery is charged, requiring battery boxes compartments to the gas safely outside boat. Due the heat outgassing produced charging, flooded require periodic and topping-off distilled water. self-discharge at higher rate to 7% month) than or gel and thus off-season charging. cells must installed in upright position to maintain boats) and not tolerate amounts of (prevalent on The good is that batteries are  recyclable and batteries handle better than and AGM Wet-cell batteries also, as friend Jeff know, significantly than the types.

Gel Batteries: gel is combination of acid, fumed pure water, phosphoric acid. gel is viscous and leaks if battery is or the is damaged. does cause small amount hydrogen and to be at the but the inside the combines the to create so they’re recombinant batteries. also keeps battery from out due charging.  Gel charge at lower voltage flooded or batteries, requiring vessel s system to very carefully to prevent voltage overcharging.

Batteries: Absorbed Mat batteries glass mat saturated with electrolyte between battery s and negative During charging, valves allow produced on positive plate migrate to negative plate recombine with hydrogen, producing AGM batteries better shock vibration protection wet or batteries, and virtually maintenance-free.

AGM batteries have lower resistance, allowing starting power charge acceptance, quicker recharging other types deep-cycle batteries. batteries can the highest current, up 40% of amp-hour capacity the battery, to about for the type or for the they recharge Long life, low 3% rate, and performance make batteries excellent batteries for who require starting power reliable deep-cycle Of course, price matches quality.

Boaters realize how their behavior how long battery lasts. average, a that is charged and should last least three What do mean by charged? Marine batteries last longest and the fastest they re in distinct also called Ideal Charge Since a accepts more when it discharged, the of voltage to “properly” a battery in each depending on In practice, a smart to regulate in each and recharging batteries the day they down will you get most out your batteries. more on I recommend West Marine .

Although pricey, like the batteries for and quality please don’t these unless also install smart charger. dual-purpose batteries a good between the and deep-cycle especially for boats only one used for starting and house power the engine turned off. If re not battery maintenance proper charging, the cheaper as you inevitably be them sooner later.

Stay one battery (flooded, gel, AGM) for of the on your Each battery requires specific voltages. Mixing types can in under- overcharging—either of can be to your A smart regulator with temperature sensor control charge a wise safe investment—and must for or gel

Shallow discharges to a battery life. this, it be foolish to invest a solar trickle charger smart regulator.

80% discharge the maximum discharge for batteries.

Don leave batteries discharged for length of Leaving batteries a discharged will cause damage and their capacity.

batteries after period of

Never mix batteries with ones on same charging Old batteries to pull the new in the bank to deteriorated level.

batteries in storage boxes with tie

Clean terminal regularly to loss of

Maintain fluid in wet-cell

If you true deep-cycle consider golf or traction batteries.

Interesting

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