Tunisia Takes Part in & Expo Riva Schuh& for First Time

28 Апр 2014 | Author: | No comments yet »
Riva Aquariva 33

Etymology [link]

The word Tunisia is derived from Tunis ; a city and capital of modern-day Tunisia. The present form of the name, with its Latinate suffix -ia . evolved from French Tunisie . [ 8 ] The French derivative Tunisie was adopted in some European languages with slight modifications, introducing a distinctive name to designate the country. Other languages remained untouched, such as the Russian Туни́с ( Tunís ) and Spanish Túnez . In this case, the same name is used for both country and city, as with the Arabic تونس. and only by context can one tell the difference. [ 8 ]

The name Tunis can be attributed to different origins. It can be associated with the Phoenician goddess Tanith (aka Tunit) . [ 8 ] [ 9 ] ancient city of Tynes [ 10 ] [ 11 ] or to the Berber root ens which means to lie down. [ 12 ]

History [link]

The Atlas mountains and the Sahara desert both played a prominent role in ancient times, first with the famous Punic city of Carthage. then as the Roman province of Africa. which was known as the bread basket of Rome. Later, Tunisia was occupied by Vandals during the 5th century AD, Byzantines in the 6th century, and Arabs in the 8th century. Under the Ottoman Empire. Tunisia was known as Regency of Tunis. It passed under French protectorate in 1881. After obtaining independence in 1956 the country took the official name of the Kingdom of Tunisia at the end of the reign of Lamine Bey and the Husainid Dynasty. With the proclamation of the Tunisian Republic on July 25, 1957, the nationalist leader Habib Bourguiba became its first president.

Riva Aquariva 33

The country was led by the authoritarian government of President Zine El Abidine Ben Ali from 1987 to 2011 before he fled during the Tunisian revolution. Tunisia now finds itself as an export-oriented country in the process of liberalizing and privatizing an economy that, while averaging 5% GDP growth since the early 1990s, has suffered from corruption benefiting politically connected elites. [ 13 ]

Antiquity [link]

Farming methods reached the Nile Valley from the Fertile Crescent region about 5000 BC, and spread to the Maghreb by about 4000 BC. Agricultural communities in the humid coastal plains of central Tunisia then were ancestors of today’s Berber tribes.

The Numidians and Moors belonged to the race from which the Berbers are descended. The translated meaning of Numidian is Nomad and indeed the people were semi-nomadic until the reign of Masinissa of the Massyli tribe. [ 14 ] [ 15 ] [ 16 ] [ 17 ] [ 18 ]

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