Marina District, San Francisco — Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

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Marina District, San Francisco

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Contents

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Location [ edit ]

The area is bounded to the east by Van Ness Avenue and Fort Mason ; on the west by Cow Hollow. Lyon Street and the Presidio National Park ; on the south by Lombard St. which bisects the southern edge of the Marina District. [ clarification needed ] The northern half of the Marina is a shoreline of the San Francisco Bay. and features the Marina Green. a picturesque park adjacent to the municipal boat marina from which the neighborhood takes its name.

Larson San Marino boat

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History [ edit ]

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Damage to the Marina District following the Loma Prieta earthquake .

The area in the 19th century prior to the 1906 Earthquake consisted of bay shallows, tidal pools, sand dunes, and marshland similar to nearby Crissy Field. Human habitation and development came in the mid to late 19th century in the form of a sandwall [ further explanation needed ] and of a road from the nearby Presidio to Fort Mason. Most of the sand dunes were leveled out, as a hodgepodge of wharves and industrial plants was built extending from what is now Laguna Street to Steiner Street. All of this was destroyed in the 1906 Earthquake that would destroy large swaths of the city.

During reconstruction of the city after the 1906 Earthquake, the area was chosen as the site of the Panama-Pacific International Exposition. Although rubble from the earthquake was used as part of the land reclamation, most of the landfill was from dredging mud and sand from the bottom of the Bay. After the end of the exposition in 1915, the land was sold to private developers, who tore down nearly all of the fair’s attractions and developed the area into a residential neighborhood. This major redevelopment was completed in the 1920s. In the 1930s, with the completion of the nearby Golden Gate Bridge. Lombard Street (now Highway 101) was widened, and soon developed into a strip of roadside motels .

The 1989 Loma Prieta earthquake caused severe liquefaction of the fill upon which the neighborhood is built, causing major damage including a small firestorm. Firefighters resorted to pumping water directly from the Bay, to replace water unavailable from broken water mains. The neighborhood was quickly rebuilt. Physically, the neighborhood appears to have changed very little since its construction in the 1920s.

Attractions [ edit ]

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The neighborhood is most famous for the Palace of Fine Arts. which until 2013 housed the Exploratorium. a renowned hands-on science museum and children’s educational center, and which takes up much of the western section of the neighborhood. The Palace is the only building left standing in its original location within the 1915 Exposition fairgrounds. The grounds around the Palace are a popular year-round attraction for tourists and locals, and are a favorite location for weddings and wedding party photographs for couples.

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