Jeanneau owners celebrate on Sydney Harbour (Chantiers Jeanneau SA)

30 Янв 2014 | Author: | No comments yet »
Jeanneau NC 11

Sydney

Sydney is located on Australia’s south-east coast of the Tasman Sea. As of June 2010, the greater metropolitan area had an approximate population of 4.6 million people. [ 1 ] Inhabitants of Sydney are called Sydneysiders, comprising a cosmopolitan and international population. [ 5 ]


The site of the first British colony in Australia, Sydney was established in 1788 at Sydney Cove by Arthur Phillip. commodore of the First Fleet as a penal colony. [ 6 ] The city is built on hills surrounding Port Jackson which is commonly known as Sydney Harbour, where the iconic Sydney Opera House and the Harbour Bridge feature prominently. The hinterland of the metropolitan area is surrounded by national parks. and the coastal regions feature many bays, rivers, inlets and beaches including the famous Bondi Beach and Manly Beach. Within the city are many notable parks, including Hyde Park and the Royal Botanic Gardens .

Sydney ranks among the top global cities in the world. [ 7 ] [ 8 ] [ 9 ] [ 10 ] In 2010, Sydney was ranked 7th in Asia and 28th globally for economic innovation in the Innovation Cities Top 100 Index by innovation agency 2thinknow. [ 11 ] Sydney also ranks among the top 10 most liveable cities in the world according to Mercer Human Resource Consulting. The Economist and Monocle [ 12 ] [ 13 ] [ 14 ] and is considered among the top fashion capitals in the world. [ 15 ] It was also ranked in the top 10 global university cities according to RMIT University [ 16 ] —which limited its selection to cities already ranked in the top 100 most liveable cities.

It has hosted major international sporting events, including the 1938 British Empire Games and the 2000 Summer Olympics. The main airport serving Sydney is Sydney Airport [ 17 ] and the main port in the city is Sydney Harbour .

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History [link]

Sydney harbour in 1932

There was violent resistance to British settlement, notably by the warrior Pemulwuy in the area around Botany Bay, and conflicts were common in the area surrounding the Hawkesbury River. By 1820 there were only a few hundred Aborigines and Governor Macquarie had begun initiatives to ‘civilise, Christianise and educate’ the Aborigines by removing them from their clans. [ 20 ] Macquarie’s tenure as Governor of New South Wales was a period when Sydney was improved from its basic beginnings. Roads, bridges, wharves and public buildings were constructed by British and Irish convicts. and by 1822 the town had banks, markets, well-established thoroughfares and an organised constabulary.

Rapid suburban development began in the last quarter of the 19th century with the advent of steam-powered tramways and railways. With industrialisation Sydney expanded rapidly and, by the early 20th century, it had a population of more than a million. In 1929, the novelist Arthur Henry Adams called it the Siren City of the South and the Athens of Australia. [ 27 ] The Great Depression hit Sydney badly. One of the highlights of the Depression era, however, was the completion of the Sydney Harbour Bridge in 1932. [ 28 ] There has traditionally been a rivalry between Sydney and Melbourne since the gold rushes of the 1850s made the capital of Victoria Australia’s largest and richest city. [ 29 ] Sydney overtook Melbourne in population in the early years of the 20th century, [ 30 ] and continues to be the largest city in Australia. During the 1970s and 1980s, Sydney’s CBD, with a great number of financial institutions including the headquarters of the Reserve Bank. surpassed Melbourne as the nation’s financial capital. [ 31 ] Throughout the 20th century, especially in the decades immediately following World War II, Sydney continued to expand as large numbers of European and later Asian immigrants took up residence in the metropolitan area.

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