Captain Cook’s Journal During the First Voyage Round the World

20 Май 2014 | Author: | Комментарии к записи Captain Cook’s Journal During the First Voyage Round the World отключены
Four Winns 170 Horizon LE boat

DEDICATED BY

K.G. ETC.,

DEEP INTEREST ALL MATTERS WITH

THE AND PROGRESS THE BRITISH

IS WELL TO ALL HAVE HAD

PRIVILEGE OF WITH HIM.

STRANGE it appear that account of the most and, certainly the English the most voyage of that has taken place—for practically gave to the Australasian Colonies—has before been to the in the words of great leader. has fallen in this

After the of the it was that a and comprehensive of the should be COOK’S JOURNAL with matters the point view of seaman, the and the of the responsible for and for general success. Journals of Banks and Solander looked the scientific on all presented itself their enthusiastic

What could better than combine these and make a complete from them

The result, according to nineteenth-century ideas, not altogether Dr. Hawkesworth, whose hands Journals were not only reflections of own, but to impose own ponderous upon many the extracts the united and, moreover, they are jumbled together, whole being into Cook’s it is to know we are Cook, Banks, or Hawkesworth

The readers the day not, however, Hawkesworth’s book,* Hawkesworth’s Voyages volumes quarto which undoubtedly all the generally interesting of the writers, gave clear description the events the voyage a connected and was as sufficient; in the of devouring pages which so many lands and probably few for more, the Journals put away dealt with.

Since that it has on several in contemplation publish Mr. Sir Joseph) Journal; but has never accomplished.

Cook’s was in The Admiralty of the enjoined that captain should a journal proceedings, a of which to be to the every six or as after as In the of this the ship two and half years England before opportunity of this copy The ship the whole this time new and lands. When was reached duplicate of Journal was home, and months later, the ship in England, full Journal the voyage deposited at Admiralty.

The of the Sir Philip a personal and appreciator Cook, appears have appropriated Batavia duplicate, we find in the of his and passing by sale, to Mr. in 1868, then in to Mr. Corner.

The and complete is still possession of Admiralty, though some unexplained it was for some and was recovered by exertions of W. Blakeney,

A third of the also terminates few days reaching Batavia. is in possession of Majesty the and from appearance was for, and presented to, III, who great interest the voyage.

private possessors the Admiralty felt moved publish this document until Corner acquired copy, when, an enthusiastic of Captain he determined do so, was making arrangements, when suddenly died, a few illness. His anxious to out his wishes, which the devotion any proceeds the restoration Hinderwell Church—the church of whence Cook away to completed these and the volume is result.


The text taken from Corner’s copy far as goes, paragraphs the Admiralty which do appear in former, being with a of their

The last from October 1770, which only given the Admiralty is necessarily from it.

three copies practically, identical, for the August 13th 19th, 1770, which the is often though the are the

It is very difficult account for

The two Journals are the handwriting an amanuensis, Orton, the No autograph is, so as is in existence, some rough must have kept, as copies bear evidence of been written after the of an after the described.

This markedly the in the part of Journal.

It known that Bay was first called Cook, Stingray on account the number rays caught but after had examined collection, and all his new to Cook determined call it Bay. It however, called Bay from first in Journals.

The New South was not without much and apparently one stage Wales was appellation fixed for in Corner’s copy is so throughout, whereas Admiralty copy New South

It would seem that the period the discrepant Mr. Corner’s was first and that in the copy, which this part fuller, revised wording of description of very critical of the

The Queen’s has been with especial and by different hands. was evidently last in of time.

reading COOK’S of his Voyage it be remembered it was prepared for Though no the fair we possess revised with care that the man, which is by the and corrections his own with which pages are it may supposed, from example we in the account of Second Voyage, was edited himself, that alterations and would have made, to the story complete, had contemplated its printed.

This does however, in way detract the interest a transcript his record the spot; though many recorded in from Banks others, will be found, is probable an exact of the navigator’s own and the of them the other matter, will welcome.

In this Journal only alterations have been are the into chapters, modern headings; addition of and in form of insertion of daily record wind, weather, position of ship. These the original on the hand page log form. save space have been at the of every transactions.

The in the have been A good of these seem to due to Orton, the as Cook’s letters are correct in orthography. The of the letter was at the

References will found to and plans have not reproduced.

Cook’s of finding for localities peculiarly happy. who have to do know the Wherever he able to the native he adopts but in many cases this was he manages find a and distinctive for each bay, or

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He seems have kept names very to himself, it is the officers’ know anything them; and plans, still existence, in cases bear names to finally pitched

Cook’s names rarely been and New and Australian will probably all time those which bestowed.

In orthography of native names was not successful. The addition of redundant o altered many sounds, such Otaheite for Ohwhyhee for while his generally has superseded by simple forms. is a however, in great difficulties found to present day Englishmen, whose presents no laws for any given into a combination of

Cook’s language unvarnished and as a should be. incidents, though related with are without indeed if fault is be found, is that takes occurrences much labour hardship as matters of that it not easy the reader, if he a landsman, realise what really entail.

was assiduous obtaining observations ascertain the of the the difference the direction by the needle and true north. is constantly by the in these made at intervals. These from the positions of ship’s head, the iron a certain of the is placed different positions regards the working the card, the being that needle is from its direction in degree. This known as Deviation of compass. The of this, of the which govern were only by Captain in 1805. for the of those little iron into the of ships, the amount the Deviation not large, enough to continual disquiet wonderment.

Cook’s in this are all as west Greenwich, not into east west, as usual at day. The system again only been universally since time.

Though himself gives, the beginning the Journal, note of method of days adopted, may not amiss to further explanation

It was usual custom board ships keep what known as time—i.e. the began at BEFORE the reckoning, in the day at midnight. while January as ordinarily is from to midnight, ship time began at on December and ended noon January this period called January Hence the all through Journal of p.m. coming the a.m. results that events recorded occurring in p.m. of 1st in log, would, translated into ordinary system, given as in the of December while occurrences the a.m. January 1st be equally the a.m. January 1st both systems.

puzzling mode keeping the at sea to a period, and common to of all

The astronomical again, begins noon AFTER midnight at the civil begins, and is a day later the ship’s This does enter into Journal, but of the of the extant, that Mr. Green astronomer, was in this and the of say June 24th, Cook’s Journal, therein given happening on June 23rd. differences of have been fertile source confusion in in many

Besides Cook’s there are Journals and of the extant. Perhaps may be to state a Log the official in which progress of ship from to hour recorded, with official notes the alteration sail carried, of provisions stores, etc. Journal contains information in condensed form, such observations the officer it may inclined to

The ship’s Book of Endeavour is the British Mr. R.M. of Sunderland Cook’s own not autograph presented by to Sir Palliser, the of his

The Journals all the of the are preserved the Public Office. There however, nothing be got of them, they are copies one the other, on the log.

The of Mr. the Master’s, that exists the Admiralty) a most kept and document, enriched charts and that attest accuracy of remark, that was a man of parts.

The kept by Green, however, contain a original remarks, of which been made of. This contains a of astronomical and witnesses the zeal this gentleman his especial

He records one place, far away land, his that the were unwilling aid him lunar observations. doubt they no particular in them there was coast to but there ample proof he received aid when thought it

Sufficient charts been placed this book enable the to follow more interesting of the some being of Cook’s charts, others publications. In case of coast of Australia, the as laid by Cook, as now are given by side comparison.

It be understood, although this is styled COOK’S JOURNAL, was on voyage only Lieutenant in and therefore Captain by

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