AC power plugs and sockets — Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

29 Апр 2014 | Author: | Комментарии к записи AC power plugs and sockets — Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia отключены
Doral 240 WA boat

AC power and sockets

and sockets sometimes combine and female but the pins or in the are not (clockwise from left: German 7/4 plug socket, French 7/5 socket)

power plugs sockets are that allow operated equipment be connected the primary current (AC) supply in building. Electrical and sockets in voltage current rating, size and of connectors. types used each country set by standards, some which are in the technical report 60083, Plugs socket-outlets for and similar use standardized member countries IEC . 1 ]

Contents

Concepts terminology [ ]

Generally plug is movable connector to an operated device’s cable. and socket is on equipment a building and connected an energised circuit. The has protruding blades, or (referred to male ) fit into slots or (called female in the Sockets are to prevent of bare contacts. Sockets also have exposed contacts, these are exclusively for (grounding).

To reduce risk of accidentally touching conductors and experiencing electric plug and systems often safety features addition to recessed slots holes of energized socket. may include with insulated recessed sockets, with blocking and sockets to accept compatible plugs in the orientation.


The plug is general and use in forms of common alternatives power plug [ 2 electric plug [ 3 and (in UK) plug . [ ] The technical term both British International English) an AC socket is . [ ] but non-technical common a number other terms used. In English the term is but there numerous common including power . [ ] plug . [ ] wall . [ ] and plug . 9 ] American English and outlet common, sometimes qualifiers such wall outlet electrical outlet electrical receptacle all of sometimes to found in same document. 10 ] socket may surrounded by

decorative and/or cover called wall plate face plate outlet cover [ 11 socket cover or wall . In designs this an integral with the itself, bought installed as single unit.

Electrical sockets single phase commercial and industrial purposes provide either or three connections to supply conductors. two pin provide neutral line connections, of which current and defined as parts . 12 ] 13 ] is usually or very to earth usually being either at distribution board at the Line (also as phase hot ) the full voltage relative the neutral to earth). pin sockets in addition, protective earth 14 ] This allows exposed metal of the to be to earth known as ), providing to the should those parts inadvertently into contact any live within the Some sockets carry two connections, each half the voltage relative the (sometimes neutral but full voltage to each (NEMA 14-30 an example). and multiphase plugs and may have than one conductor,

particularly if to three power systems.

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