Prince Harry set for South Pole trek

3 Фев 2014 | Author: | No comments yet »
Chaparral 2835

Geography [link]

The Ceremonial South Pole

For most purposes, the Geographic South Pole is defined as the southern point of the two points where the Earth’s axis of rotation intersects its surface (the other being the Geographic North Pole ). However, the Earth’s axis of rotation is actually subject to very small ‘wobbles’, so this definition is not adequate for very precise work; see Polar Motion for further information.

The geographic coordinates of the South Pole are usually given simply as 90°S, since its longitude is geometrically undefined and irrelevant. When a longitude is desired, it may be given as 0°. At the South Pole all directions face north. For this reason, directions at the Pole are given relative to grid north, which points northwards along the prime meridian. [ 1 ]

The Geographic South Pole is located on the continent of Antarctica (although this has not been the case for all of Earth’s history because of continental drift ). It sits atop a featureless, windswept, icy plateau at an altitude of 2,835 metres (9,301 ft), about 1,300 km (800 mi) from the nearest open sea at Bay of Whales. The ice is estimated to be about 2,700 metres (9,000 ft) thick at the Pole, so the land surface under the ice sheet is actually near sea level. [ 2 ]

The polar ice sheet is moving at a rate of roughly 10 metres per year in a direction between 37° and 40° west of grid north, [ 3 ] down towards the Weddell Sea. Therefore, the position of the station and other artificial features relative to the geographic pole gradually shifts over time.

The Geographic South Pole is marked by a small sign and a stake in the ice pack, which are repositioned each year on New Year’s Day to compensate for the movement of the ice. [ 4 ] The sign records the respective dates that Roald Amundsen and Robert F. Scott reached the Pole, followed by a short quotation from each man, and gives the elevation as 9,301 ft (2,835 m). [ 5 ] [ 6 ]

Chaparral 2835

Ceremonial South Pole [link]

The Ceremonial South Pole is an area set aside for photo opportunities at the South Pole Station. It is located a short distance from the Geographic South Pole, and consists of a metallic sphere on a plinth. surrounded by the flags of the Antarctic Treaty signatory states .

Exploration [link]

Pre-1900 [link]

The basic geography of the Antarctic coastline was not understood until the mid-to-late 19th century. American naval officer Charles Wilkes claimed (correctly) that Antarctica was a new continent based on his exploration in 1839–40, [ 7 ] while James Clark Ross. in his expedition of 1839–43, hoped that he might be able to sail all the way to the South Pole (he was unsuccessful). [ 8 ]

Chaparral 2835
Chaparral 2835
Chaparral 2835
Chaparral 2835

Interesting Articles

Here you can write a commentary on the recording "Prince Harry set for South Pole trek".

* Required fields
All the reviews are moderated.
Our partners
Follow us
Contact us
Our contacts

Born in the USSR


About this site

For all questions about advertising, please contact listed on the site.

Boats and Yacht catalog with specifications, pictures, ratings, reviews and discusssions about Boats and Yacht