Committee calls for clarification on plans to integrate health and adult social care (Scottish Parliament)

28 Янв 2014 | Author: | No comments yet »
Chaparral 190

History [link]

Before the Acts of Union 1707 that merged the Kingdom of Scotland with the Kingdom of England (to form the Kingdom of Great Britain ), Scotland had an independent parliament with a legislature known as the Three Estates. Initial Scottish proposals in the negotiation over the Union suggested a devolved Parliament be retained in Scotland, but this was not accepted by the English negotiators. [ 11 ]

For the next three hundred years, Scotland was directly governed by the Parliament of the United Kingdom, at Westminster, and the lack of a Scottish Parliament remained an important element in Scottish national identity. [ 12 ] Suggestions for a ‘devolved’ Parliament were made before 1914, but were shelved due to the outbreak of the First World War. [ 12 ] A sharp rise in nationalism in Scotland during the late 1960s fuelled demands for some form of home rule or complete independence. and prompted the incumbent Labour Government of Harold Wilson to set up the Kilbrandon Commission to consider the UK Constitution in 1969. [ 12 ] One of the principal objectives of the commission was to examine ways of enabling more self-government for Scotland, within the unitary state of the United Kingdom. [ 12 ] Kilbrandon published his report in 1973 recommending the establishment of a directly elected Scottish Assembly to legislate for the majority of domestic Scottish affairs. [ 13 ]

During this time, the discovery of oil in the North Sea and the following It’s Scotland’s oil campaign of the Scottish National Party (SNP) resulted in rising support for Scottish independence, as well as the SNP. The party argued that the revenues from the oil were not benefitting Scotland as much as they should. [ 12 ] The combined effect of these events led to Prime Minister Wilson committing his government to some form of devolved legislature in 1974. [ 12 ] However, it was not until 1978 that final legislative proposals for a Scottish Assembly were passed by the United Kingdom Parliament.

Under the terms of the Scotland Act 1978. an elected assembly would be set up in Edinburgh provided that the majority of the Scottish electorate voted for it in a referendum to be held on 1 March 1979 that represented at least 40% of the total electorate. The 1979 Scottish devolution referendum to establish a devolved Scottish Assembly failed. Although the vote was 51.6% in favour of a Scottish Assembly, this figure did not equal the 40% of the total electorate threshold deemed necessary to pass the measure, as 32.9% of the eligible voting population did not, or had been unable to, vote. [ 14 ]

Throughout the 1980s and 1990s, demand for a Scottish Parliament grew, in part because the government of the United Kingdom was controlled by the Conservative Party. while Scotland itself elected relatively few Conservative MPs. [ 12 ] In the aftermath of the 1979 referendum defeat, the Campaign for a Scottish Assembly was initiated as a pressure group. leading to the 1989 Scottish Constitutional Convention with various organisations such as Scottish churches. political parties and representatives of industry taking part. Publishing its blueprint for devolution in 1995, the Convention provided much of the basis for the structure of the Parliament. [ 15 ]

Devolution became part of the platform of the Labour Party which, in May 1997, took power under Tony Blair. [ 12 ] In September 1997, the 1997 Scottish devolution referendum was put to the Scottish electorate and secured a majority in favour of the establishment of a new devolved Scottish Parliament, with tax-varying powers, in Edinburgh. [ 16 ] An election was held on 6 May 1999, and on 1 July of that year power was transferred from Westminster to the new Parliament. [ 17 ]

Building [link]

The public entrance of the distinctive Scottish Parliament building, opened in October 2004

Since September 2004, the official home of the Scottish Parliament has been a new Scottish Parliament Building. in the Holyrood area of Edinburgh. Designed by Catalan architect Enric Miralles. some of the principal features of the complex include leaf-shaped buildings, a grass-roofed branch merging into adjacent parkland and gabion walls formed from the stones of previous buildings. Throughout the building there are many repeated motifs, such as shapes based on Raeburn’s Skating Minister. [ 18 ] Crow-stepped gables and the upturned boat skylights of the Garden Lobby, complete the unique [ 19 ] architecture. Queen Elizabeth II opened the new building on 9 October 2004.

In March 2006, one of the Holyrood building’s roof beams slipped out of its support and was left dangling above the back benches during a debate. [ 20 ] The debating chamber was subsequently closed, and MSPs moved to The Hub for one week, whilst inspections were carried out. [ 21 ] During repairs, all chamber business was conducted in the Parliament’s committee room two.

Temporary accommodation 1999–2004 [link]

Whilst the permanent building at Holyrood was being constructed, the Parliament’s temporary home was the General Assembly Hall of the Church of Scotland on the Royal Mile in Edinburgh. [ 22 ] Official photographs and television interviews were held in the courtyard adjoining the Assembly Hall, which is part of the School of Divinity of the University of Edinburgh. This building was vacated twice to allow for the meeting of the Church’s General Assembly. In May 2000, the Parliament was temporarily relocated to the former Strathclyde Regional Council debating chamber in Glasgow, and to the University of Aberdeen in May 2002. [ 23 ]

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In addition to the General Assembly Hall, the Parliament also used buildings rented from the City of Edinburgh Council. The former administrative building of Lothian Regional Council on George IV Bridge was used for the MSP’s offices. Following the move to Holyrood in 2004 this building was demolished. The former Midlothian County Buildings facing Parliament Square, High Street and George IV Bridge in Edinburgh (originally built as the headquarters of the pre-1975 Midlothian County Council) housed the Parliament’s visitors’ centre and shop, whilst the main hall was used as the Parliament’s principal committee room.

Officials [link]

After each election to the Scottish Parliament, at the beginning of each parliamentary session, Parliament elects one MSP to serve as Presiding Officer. the equivalent of the speaker (currently Tricia Marwick ), and two MSPs to serve as deputies (currently Elaine Smith and John Scott ). The Presiding Officer and deputies are elected by a secret ballot of the 129 MSPs, which is the only secret ballot conducted in the Scottish Parliament. Principally, the role of the Presiding Officer is to chair chamber proceedings and the Scottish Parliamentary Corporate Body. [ 24 ] When chairing meetings of the Parliament, the Presiding Officer and his deputies must be politically impartial. [ 24 ] During debates, the Presiding Officer (or the deputy) is assisted by the parliamentary clerks, who give advice on how to interpret the standing orders that govern the proceedings of meetings. A vote clerk sits in front of the Presiding Officer and operates the electronic voting equipment and chamber clocks. [ 25 ]

As a member of the Scottish Parliamentary Corporate Body. the Presiding Officer is responsible for ensuring that the Parliament functions effectively and has the staff, property and resources it requires to operate. [ 26 ] Convening the Parliamentary Bureau, which allocates time and sets the work agenda in the chamber, is another of the roles of the Presiding Officer. Under the Standing Orders of the Parliament the Bureau consists of the Presiding Officer and one representative from each political parties with five or more seats in the Parliament. Amongst the duties of the Bureau are to agree the timetable of business in the chamber, establish the number, remit and membership of parliamentary committees and regulate the passage of legislation (bills) through the Parliament. The Presiding Officer also represents the Scottish Parliament at home and abroad in an official capacity. [ 24 ]

The Presiding Officer controls debates by calling on members to speak. If a member believes that a rule (or standing order) has been breached, he or she may raise a point of order , on which the Presiding Officer makes a ruling that is not subject to any debate or appeal. The Presiding Officer may also discipline members who fail to observe the rules of the Parliament. [ 24 ]

The member of the Scottish Government whose duty it is to steer Executive business through Parliament is the Minister for Parliamentary Business (currently Bruce Crawford ). The minister is appointed by the First Minister and is a Junior Minister in the Scottish Government, who does not attend cabinet .

Parliamentary chamber [link]

Chaparral 210 SSI
Chaparral 210 SSI
Chaparral 210 SSI
Chaparral 210 SSI
Chaparral 210 SSI
Chaparral 210 SSI
Chaparral 210 SSI

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