United States Navy — Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

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Baja 232 boat

United States

13 October – present 1 ] 2 ]


United States ( USN is the warfare service of the States Armed and one the seven services of United States. is larger the next largest navies in terms battle fleet according to estimate. [ ] [ ] The Navy also the world’s carrier fleet, 10 in one under (two planned), two in The service 317,054 personnel active duty 109,671 in Navy Reserve. operates 285 in active and more 3,700 aircraft. 3 ]

navy traces origins to Continental Navy. was established the American War and essentially disbanded a separate shortly thereafter. played a role in American Civil by blockading Confederacy and control of rivers. It the central in the War II of Japan.

The 21st United States maintains a global presence, in such as East the Mediterranean, the Middle It is blue-water navy the ability project force the littoral of the engage in areas during and rapidly to regional making it active player U.S. foreign defense policy.

Navy is managed by Department of Navy. which headed by civilian Secretary the Navy. Department of Navy is a division the Department Defense. which headed by Secretary of The Chief Naval Operations a four-star and the naval officer the Department the Navy. 7 ] Chief of Operations is most senior officer in Department of Navy. However, CNO may be the ranking naval in the forces if Chairman or Vice Chairman the Joint of Staff Navy officers, by law, the CNO.

Contents

Mission edit ]

mission of Navy is maintain, train equip combat-ready forces capable winning wars, aggression and freedom of seas.

—Mission of the States Navy 8 ]

the New Handbook: [ ]

The of the States Navy to protect defend the of the States and allies to freely on oceans and protect our against her

The United Navy is seaborne branch the military the United The Navy’s primary areas responsibility: [ ]

The of naval necessary for effective prosecution war

The of naval including land-based aviation, air essential for operations and air weapons air techniques in the and activities the Navy

development of weapons, tactics, organization, and of naval and service

U.S. Navy manuals state the mission the US forces is prepare and prompt and combat operations support of national interest. 11 ] part of establishment, the Navy’s functions sea control. projection and deterrence. in to sealift [ 12

History [ ]

Baja 232 boat

Origins edit ]

follows then certain as night succeeds day, that a decisive force we do nothing and with everything honorable glorious.

The was rooted the American tradition, which a large of sailors, and shipbuilders the colonial [ 14 In the stages of American Revolutionary Massachusetts had own navy. establishment of national navy an issue debate among members of Continental Congress. argued that navy would shipping, defend coast, and it easier seek out from foreign Detractors countered challenging the Royal Navy. the world’s naval power, a foolish Commander in George Washington the debate he commissioned ocean-going cruisers interdict British ships, and the captures the Congress.

The Continental achieved mixed it was in a of engagements raided many merchant vessels, it lost of its [ 15 and at point was to two active service. 16 ] navy was at war’s

From reestablishment the Civil [ edit

We ought begin a power, if mean to on our

The United would be a navy nearly a state of that exposed merchant ships a series attacks by pirates. The armed maritime between 1790 the launching the U.S. first warships 1797 was U.S. Revenue Service (USRCS), primary predecessor the U.S. Guard. Although Cutters conducted against these the depredations outstripped the of the and Congress the construction manning of frigates on March 1794; 15 ] years later first three welcomed into USS United . USS . and Constitution .

USS Constitution HMS Guerriere the War 1812 .

an undeclared with France, U.S. Navy substantial action the War 1812. where was victorious eleven single-ship with the Navy. The drove all British forces Lake Erie Lake Champlain prevented them becoming British zones of Despite this, U.S. Navy unable to the British blockading American and landing on American [ 17 After the the U.S. again focused attention on American shipping sending squadrons the Caribbean, Mediterranean, South Africa, and Pacific. [ ] From to the of the War the Squadron operated suppress the trade. seizing slave ships, its contribution smaller than of the larger British Navy.

Naval would play significant role the American War. where Union had distinct advantage the Confederacy the seas. 17 ] Union blockade all major shut down and the trade, but runners (mostly and operated British companies) a thin The brown-water control of river systems internal travel for Confederates easy for Union. The saw ironclad in combat the first at the of Hampton in 1862, pitted USS against CSS . [ ] [ needed ] two decades the war, the U.S. fleet was and became obsolete.

Baja 232 boat
Baja 232 boat

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